Autis Meval - The Mental and Physical Health Blog

Autis Meval is one of the largest community blogs that includes research and information about autism, mental, and physical health issues.

Month: May 2011

10 Functionality & Usability Electrolytes in Human Body

Electrolytes are ions or mineral salts contained in body fluids to help the body function properly and keep hydrated.

Whenever sweating, the body loses electrolytes that make a person feel more thirsty. Electrolytes are generally contained in food and water which are consumed daily. Salt from food and beverages are dissolved in the body and forwarded to various fluids such as blood, urine, as well as the cellular fluid.

electrolytes function

Electrolytes Function

Here are some of the functions of electrolytes in the human body:

  1. They are especially present in the form of mineral salt ions such as sodium ions, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfate, phosphate and chloride.

Electrolytes works to restore and maintain proper hydration levels throughout the body.

  1. Each mineral salt deficiency can lead to health problems such as, lethargy, depression, weakness, coma, and heart problems.
  2. The mineral salt ions, which have the ability to maintain osmotic pressure, also helps muscle contraction and producing and distributing the electrical signals from the brain to the cell and vice versa.

This explains why muscle cramps often appear after strenuous physical activity. On dehydration, the possibility of an electrical signal cannot reach the body parts and muscles cannot relax triggering seizures.

  1. Kidney separating the electrolytes from the blood and regulate the level of electrolytes in the body.

So, when the electrolyte levels go down, someone will be more frequent urination to remove excess water from the body and balance the electrolyte level. Conversely, if the body excess of electrolyte, a person will feel more thirsty than usual in order to get more water bodies.

  1. Too much loss of electrolytes causes severe dehydration and potentially affects the heart and central nervous system. Loss of electrolyte will also cause diarrhea and even hyponatremia kidney failure in extreme cases.
  2. Electrolytes work in the body at the cellular level, and if it is present in an amount lower than required, could affect all major systems and organs.

Electrolytes are also tasked with defending the body temperature remains stable and stays cool.

  1. However, excessive consumption of electrolytes can cause excessive water retention and leads to swelling of the muscle.

Water retention occurs when someone takes additional supplements or consumes too much salt to increase the levels of electrolytes in the body.

  1. When trying to replace lost of electrolytes by drinking plenty of water all at once, you are diluting the existing electrolyte concentration in the blood due to the intake of water is too high.

That’s because, more are encouraged to drink water gradually, instead of drinking it all at once in large quantities when you’re thirsty.

  1. Each level of electrolyte imbalance in the body can be fatal in a matter of hours, especially for those who already suffer from digestive problems.
  2. Adrenal hormones such as aldosterone and parathyroid will regulate electrolyte and maintain the chemical balance intracellular and extracellular.

Electrolyte levels can be checked with an electrolyte blood test panel.

10 Essential Vitamins, Minerals and Nutrients for the Brain

vitamin for brain to overcome health problems

Brain neurons are the cells which are easily affected when there is a shortage of glucose in the blood. Brain cells known to not have a mechanism for storing glucose as other cells (eg: liver cells, muscle cells, etc.).

Severe lack of glucose (hypoglycemia) will eventually lead to coma due to brain dysfunction.

The following will discuss a wide range of nutrients and other substances that are important and needed by the brain:

  1. Antioxidants

Antioxidants are chemicals that neutralize free radicals. Without neutralization, free radicals will attack the cell membrane and then the genetic material that lead to health problems and diseases.

Antioxidants are substances disease prevention, so that effective anyway to maintain brain health.

Various foods containing antioxidants are:

– Fruits: Raisins, cranberry, blackcurrant, raspberry, orange, grape, cherry, kiwi, apples, bananas, apricots, peaches, pears, melon, watermelon, nuts.

– Vegetables: Kale, spinach, beets, onions, corn, eggplant, cauliflower, green beans, tomatoes, zucchini, celery, cucumber, garlic.

– Other meals: Mushrooms, salmon (rich in selenium), green tea, turmeric, eggs, vegetable oil (rich in vitamin E).

  1. Vitamin B9

Vitamin B9 or folic acid is essential in cell development. Research shows that people with depression have low levels of folic acid in their blood.

Folic acid is found in vegetables (spinach, broccoli), fruits (orange), yeast, grains etc.

  1. Vitamin B6

Pyridoxine or vitamin B6, in addition to its various functions (eg, boost the immune system, allowing the metabolism of amino acids, proteins, steroids, fat and hemoglobin), are also capable of improving memory.

Vitamin B6 is found in brewer’s yeast, grains, milk, eggs, fish, bananas, avocados, nuts, etc.

  1. Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is known to prevent dementia and anemia. Sources of this vitamin include chicken, beef, pork meat (especially liver), eggs, and milk.

  1. Phosphatidylserine

Phosphatidylserine is a phospholipid that is found in all cell membranes, particularly those found in the brain. Phosphatidylserine is able to rejuvenate the memory and is found in lecithin (among other things contained in chocolate).

  1. Vitamin E

Tocopherol or vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that is found in soybeans, corn, peanuts, sunflower seeds, green vegetables, and tomatoes.

  1. Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an essential nutrient involved in many important metabolic processes (metabolism of glucose, collagen and folic acid) and is also involved in the synthesis of neurotransmitters that are important in brain function.

Vitamin C can be obtained from:

– Fruits and vegetables: orange, lemon, melon, raspberry, passion fruit, mango, blueberry, pineapple, grapes, apricots, oranges, spinach, tomatoes, cabbage.

– Meat: Beef liver, pork liver, brain, lamb, scallops, cod, lamb’s liver, eggs, and milk.

  1. Selenium

Selenium is a mineral that in small amounts has a good effect on health.

Selenium is found in vegetables (especially vegetables grown in selenium-rich soil), as well as in eggs, fish, chicken, red meat, and garlic.

  1. Coenzyme Q10

Coenzyme Q10 is present in every cell of the body and has two primary functions is to help the production of energy and is a powerful antioxidant.

Coenzyme Q10 is found in foods such as fish (especially mackerel and sardines), beef liver, liver and kidney, eggs, soy, and peanuts.

  1. Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo biloba is a plant that effectively slows down the brain aging.