According to the National Institute of Mental Health, Autism is a developmental disorder in children that occurs in about 3.4 per 1000 children aged between 3 and 10 years.
Autism is a complex developmental disorder due to the disruption of the nerve communication and behavior. This disorder affects the function of the social, intellectual and motor skills, as well as the inability to use sensory effectively senses that will affect the overall behavior.
In short, autism affects all functions in children. Until now, the exact cause of autism is still unknown.
Here are some autistic behaviors that usually appear:
- The repetition of certain body movements
- Resistance to change in any pattern
- Excessive attachment to either the person or object
- Aggressiveness or regressiveness in personal or social interaction
- Autism symptoms usually begin to appear in the first three years of age, although in some children these symptoms seen since birth
- Possible boys diagnosed with autism more than girls.
Autism is not related to ethnicity or social background or parenting parents. Autism is a spectrum disorder, meaning that the symptoms of autism and the level of each individual will be different.
Characteristics of Autism
Autism is diagnosed after doctors observing the behavior and development of children. Some common indicators include, among others:
Repetitive or happy doing repetitive body movements such as surrounding specific objects, walking, snapping his fingers, resistance to changes in routine, high sensitivity to sensory stimuli such as touch, sound, taste, or light.
Avoid eye contact and often leave a response is not appropriate, either with words or sounds.
Sometimes children have difficulty sleeping and controlling emotions and lead to aggressive behavior towards oneself and others.
- Failure to Communicate
The lack of development of speech patterns and the lack of the use of language skills make children with autism are less able to carry out social interaction.
- Delay Development of Motor Skills
Children with autism show resistance to learning and play interactions with peers.
Children with autism have difficulty in imitating the skills taught and have the imagination that is difficult to express.
Symptoms of Autism
Symptoms of autism develop between the ages of 3 to 10 years, so it takes a watchful eye to see some symptoms.
Some of the symptoms of autism include:
- Late or a little talk or respond
- Difficulty eating, chewing or swallowing reflex bad
- Extreme emotional behavior
- Do not care and are not sure about the neighborhood
- Sudden behavior changes from normal to regressive behavior